Difference Between Osteopenia vs Osteoporosis

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Overview
  • Osteopenia and osteoporosis are both bones medical conditions. They have many similarities but they have very different outcomes and treatment options. Osteopenia is a condition in which the bones seem weakened because low bone mass. Osteoporosis is a disease of the bones and become weak, thin and fragile. The main difference between Osteopenia and osteoporosis is the levels of calcium that the bones possess.
Osteopenia Causes, Symptoms, Treatments And Prevention
  • What is Osteopenia and Define

    Osteopenia is a preclinical circumstance of reduced BONE DENSITY. Doctors generally consider osteopenia to precede OSTEOPOROSIS. Osteopenia has no symptoms and is a diagnosis the doctor arrives at as a consequence of the person’s BONE density score with radiologic (X-RAY based) bone density measurement. About 34 million Americans, mostly women at or beyond MENOPAUSE and men older than age 60, have osteopenia.

  • Osteoporosis in the vertebrae can cause serious problems for women. A fracture in this area occurs from day-to-day activities like climbing stairs, lifting objects, or bending forward

    Sloping shoulders
    Curve in the back
    Height loss
    Back pain
    Hunched posture
    Protruding abdomen
  • Causes of osteopenia are smoking, illness or surgery, alcoholism and kidney failure.

  • What Is The Cause Of Osteopenia?

    The aging process itself is a cause of osteopenia that often leads directly to osteoporosis.

    Bones are at their greatest strength between the ages of 20 and 35, but then they weaken as we get older.

    The hormone estrogen helps keep our bones strong, but after menopause, women produce less estrogen than they used to.

    Anorexic girls (and women) also tend to have very low levels of estrogen. This may accelerate the disease and...

  • Treatment for OsteopeniaThe goal of the treatment for osteopenia is to prevent progression of the disease and the onset of osteoporosis. Lifestyle changes may be rather effective in achieving the previously mentioned goals. Diet is, for example, essential for proper bone development. Optimal intake of calcium is vital since this is the most crucial mineral of the bones. Calcium can be found in many foods and if necessary it can be also taken in a form of supplements.Furthermore, exercises are important part of prevention. They make the bone stronger and help the bone tissue to be more resistant to stress. The best exercises for osteopenia are weight-bearing exercises such as walking, hiking and dancing. The exercise program should be conceived by a well experienced physical therapist. Medications are only given to patients with the highest risk of osteoporotic bone fracture. The treatment is generally given to postmenopausal women and men older than the age of 50. The treatment is...
  • The treatment of the disease is done by the bisphosphonates, which increases the mineralization of the bone, but it can also cause ulcers in the esophagus. The treatment of the disease should be an individual decision. Person should consult the physicians for decision that weather he or she should treat osteopenia or not.

  • PREVENTION

    How Can Osteopenia be Prevented?

    Whether you will tend to develop osteopenia is, in part, already determined. Things like whether you have any family members who have had osteoporosis or osteopenia, whether you have chronic asthma that requires you to take steroids and how much calcium and Vitamin D you got while you were growing up are beyond your control now. However, if you are a young adult or if you are raising children, there are things you can do to help develop strong bones and help slow down osteopenia and prevent osteoporosis.

    Your bones don't reach their greatest density until you are about 30 years old, so for children and people younger than 30, anything that helps increase bone density will have long-term benefits. To maximize bone density, make sure you get plenty...

Osteoporosis Causes, Symptoms, Treatments And Prevention
  • Osteoporosis is a thinning and weakening of the bones. As you age beyond your mid-thirties, your body's ability to increase bone mass slows down.

  • What is osteoporosis?
  • Osteoporosis: MedlinePlus
    Osteoporosis makes your bones weak and more likely to break. Anyone can develop osteoporosis, but it is common in older women. As many as half of all ...
  • Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease which decreases bone density, leading to inevitable deterioration of bone structure. Skeletal weakness leads to fractures with minor trauma, particularly in the thoracic and lumbar spine, wrist, and hip. Acute or chronicback pain is common in osteoporosis.

    The bone is in a permanent state of formation but after 32-35 years old, the bone density begins to weaken leading to bone deterioration. There are some important influential factors that contribute to the bone structure in a benefic or harmfull way:

    more >
  • Osteoporosis is otherwise known as the “Brittle Bone Disease”. Osteoporosis affects people who are above forty years old, those who are female and those with small body built. As a degenerative disorder, this condition affects the elderly by depleting the amount of calcium in the bones. When the amount of calcium inside the bones decrease, the strength of the bones also lessen. This leads to many different complications, most especially pathologic fractures.

    Osteoporosis can give rise to other complications like difficulty moving due to the pain that one can feel upon ambulation. A person may also be prone to neurologic damage, most especially when a...

  • Things that can increase your chances of developing osteoporosis include:

    being female
    small, thin body (under 127 pounds)
    family history of osteoporosis
    being postmenopausal or of an advanced age
    Caucasian or Asian race, but African American and Hispanic women are also at significant risk for developing the disease
    abnormal absence of menstrual periods or having an eating disorder, such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia that can cause menstrual periods to stop before menopause, and loss of bone tissue from too much exercise
    low...
  • Bone density

    With bone loss, the outer shell of a bone becomes thinner and the interior becomes more porous. Normal bone (A) is strong and flexible. Osteoporotic bone (B) is weaker and subject to fracture.

  • Common symptoms of osteoporosis:

    Loss of height as a result of weakened spine.
    Fractured bones, especially hip bones.
    Bone pain and tenderness.
    Neck, spine, and lower back pain.
    Broken bones, brittle fingernails.
    Periodontal disease, tooth loss.
    Spinal deformities become evident like...
  • Osteoporosis Treatment

    If you have been diagnosed with osteoporosis already, you can deal with the problem by taking medications, such as synthetic hormones and bisphosphonates, which can help rebuild your bones by replacing lost minerals. Other medications are also available that can slow the progress of osteoporosis. However, the condition can be very painful and can still lead to serious fractures.

    Tips to Prevent Osteoporosis

    Although there are some ways to treat osteoporosis, prevention is the best choice. You can stop the development of this condition by ensuring that your body has enough of the vital nutrients and minerals needed to keep making strong bones. That means you need to consume sufficient amounts of calcium and...

  • Exercise plays an important role in the retention of bone density in the aging person. Bone strength increases with regular exercise – to help prevent bone loss weight-bearing exercise such as walking, low-impact aerobics, or tennis work best.

    The illustration shows that exercises requiring muscles to pull on bones cause the bones to retain and possibly gain density

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