- Tuberculosis (TB) Overview - Tuberculosis (TB) - HealthCommunities
Tuberculosis (TB) is responsible for the deaths of more youths and adults than any other infectious disease. Tuberculosis is a highly contagious disea...
Tuberculosis (TB) is a respiratory disease usually caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. This infection usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body. According to the World Health Organization, one third of the world’s population is thought to be infected with Tuberculosis. Over the years, health organizations and agencies have created ways to stop the spread of the disease. In order for us not to acquire tuberculosis, first we have to know what it is. The information below will tackle the important concepts you need to know about Tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis can be acquired through droplet infections. When an infected person coughs, spits, speak or sneezes, they expel the...
Tuberculosis of TB most commonly affects the lungs but also can involve almost any organ of the body.
What is tuberculosis?Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by bacteria whose scientific name is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It was first isolated in 1882 by a German physician named Robert Koch who received the Nobel Prize for this discovery. TB most commonly affects the lungs but also can involve almost any organ of the body. Many years ago, this disease was referred to as "consumption" because without effective treatment, these patients often would waste away. Today, of course, tuberculosis usually can be treated successfully with antibiotics. There is also a group of organisms referred to as atypical tuberculosis. These involve other types of bacteria that are in the Mycobacterium family....
Symptoms The symptoms of tuberculosis include weakness, fever, weight loss and night sweats. If the condition aggravates, chest pain, difficulty in breathing, coughing of sputum, and blood may occur. When the condition is not treated and left unattended, this can lead to the shutting of organs and death.
Tuberculosis Causes List
When it comes to tuberculosis causes, the simple list is only one item long: mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterium is the cause of nearly all cases of tuberculosis as well as a few other mycobacteria. That being said, the bacteria can react differently to different people’s immune systems and so there are many factors to consider when it comes to what could make the bacteria cause severe tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis is a highly infectious disease that is transmitted through inhaled sputum. When a person sneezes or coughs, they release phlegm or sputum into the air. In the event that someone else is close enough to inhale some of those particles, then that...
Sneezing and Coughing Without Covers
This is the most common among all forms of tuberculosis causes. People around us cough, sneeze and excrete respiratory secretions. When these fluids spread and gets in contact with another person, these bacteria can be lodged into our respiratory tract and dwell inside our lungs.
Proper hygiene is a common reason why people get infected with tuberculosis. Making use of clean and personal things like towels, handkerchief, etc all the time; as well as doing hand washing every now and then, are good ways of preventing tuberculosis causes.
Low Immune System
Our immune system is...
Risk Factors and Transmission of Tuberculosis
Any person can get infected with tuberculosis. There are certain factors, though, that can predispose one to contracting tuberculosis. These factors are listed below.
One of the factors that can increase your risk of getting TB is if you have HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS weakens the immune system and is a fertile ground for the incubation of the TB bacterium. In fact any medication or condition that weakens the immune system has the same effect.
Another risk factor is drugs that one uses in preventing the rejection of organs that have been transplanted. Closely related to this is the use of drugs to treat...
Comprehensive Tuberculosis Treatment
Tuberculosis treatment requires a holistic approach to have good prognosis and recovery. The problem with the treatment of the strains of active tuberculosis is the emergence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. Together with an alarming number of HIV cases, these two factors indicate a strong tendency to develop tuberculosis that requires new set of medication and management.
Every health organizations are very rampant about the prevention of these new strains to infect the general public. They advocate strict compliance for tuberculosis treatment. It is required to have indicative laboratory results before the medication can even start. The recommended triad of examinations include chest x-rays, sputum exam and culture of bacteria...
Daily Dosing With Tuberculosis Drugs
Tuberculosis treatment will vary based on whether you have active TB with symptoms or latent tuberculosis infection without symptoms.
Latent tuberculosis is still treated, to keep it from progressing to active tuberculosis. But latent TB is usually treated with one antibiotic, while active TB is treated with a combination cocktail of up to four types of antibiotics. The duration of treatment is about the same for both types of TB.
Tuberculosis treatment takes anywhere from 6 to 12 months because it takes that...
Treatment for tuberculosis is usually a combination of antibiotic medications. Depending on your diagnosis and whether you have active or latent tuberculosis, your doctor may prescribe a combination of the following medications:
- Rifampicin (one brand name: Rifadin)
- Ethambutol (brand name: Myambutol)
It is important to note that TB is a serious medical condition and is not suited to home treatment. It is important to follow all of your health care advisor’s instructions and directions carefully, and take the medication regularly until the course is finished (usually between 6 and 12 months).
Getting Healthy Again After Tuberculosis Treatment
Tuberculosis treatment may sound challenging protocol, but there are no two ways about it. It's crucial to follow your doctor’s directions for the best outcome. Otherwise, serious complications, and even death, may occur. If medications aren't taken as required, not only will you get sicker, but you are more likely to spread the disease to other people.
Look at your tuberculosis treatment as you would when managing any illness that requires daily medication, from high blood pressure to diabetes. The positive news is that once the TB is cured, you won’t have to keep taking the drugs.
- Pneumonia - American Lung Association
Pneumonia is a common lung infection caused by bacteria, a virus or fungi. Pneumonia and its symptoms can vary from mild to severe. Many treatments fo...
- Pneumonia: MedlinePlus
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung, usually caused by an infection. Three common causes are bacteria, viruses and fungi. You can also get pneumo...
The most common symptoms of Pneumonia are cough, fever, shortness of breath chest pain and general malaise.
- Pneumonia can cause a variety of symptoms.
Pneumonia is a lung condition that can range in seriousness from mild to life threatening. Older individuals and patients with impaired immune systems or chronic illness are often at higher risk for developing serious complications from pneumonia. Recognize the common symptoms of pneumonia and contact your doctor for a correct diagnosis of your condition.
Coughing can be a symptom of many illnesses and conditions, such as colds and sore throats. Coughing due to pneumonia may differ slightly from other types of coughs. Your coughs may produce thick phlegm or frothy fluid. The mucus may have an unpleasant smell and contain pus or streaks of blood.
Symptoms of Pneumonia
The most common symptoms of Pneumonia are:
- Chest pain.
- A cough that produces greenish or yellow sputum.
- Loss of appetite (in older children) or poor feeding (in infants).
- The pneumonia symptoms initially begin with cold which is followed by high fever.
- At times, the individual's skin colour may change and become dusky or purplishdue to their blood being poorly oxygenated
- The normal exchange of gases is interrupted by the build up of fluids.© 2009 Nucleus Medical Art, Inc.
There are three main causes:
- Bacterial pneumonia—caused by bacteria, most commonly Streptococcus pneumoniae
- Viral pneumonia—caused by a virus (responsible for half of all pneumonias)
- Atypical bacterial pneumonia —often called "walking pneumonia but can cause a more serious or potentially fatal pneumonia; caused by:
Germs That Can Cause Pneumonia
Bacteria are the most common cause of pneumonia in adults. Some people, especially the elderly and those who are disabled, may get bacterial pneumonia after having the flu or even a common cold.
Many types of bacteria can cause pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia can occur on its own or develop after you've had a cold or the flu. This type of pneumonia often affects one lobe, or area, of a lung. When this happens, the condition is called lobar pneumonia.
The most common cause of pneumonia in the United States is the bacterium Streptococcus (strep-to-KOK-us) pneumoniae, or pneumococcus (nu-mo-KOK-us).
Factors that increase your chance of pneumonia include:
Home Pneumonia Treatment or Theraphy of Pneumonia at Hospital ?
Older children with only mild pneumonia can be treated at home, if no complications are feared. Runs the pneumonia, however, difficult which affects newborn children are concerned or exist additional illnesses, it must be treated in a pneumonia hospital clinic. Pneumonias can now end his lethal.
Pneumonia Drugs Medicines for Children
Children with bacterial pneumonia must take antibiotics. The duration of pneumonia antibiotic therapy depends on the pathogen, which can identify two days after installation of the bacterial culture. In any pneumonia cases, be continued, treatment with antibiotics, but three to ten days long after resolution of fever. That antibiotic therapy...
Vitamin C fights the infection away included it in one's diet as part of the natural pneumonia treatment.
We all know that getting ourselves treated within the premises of the hospital costs some burden in our pockets. It is rather reasonable and it is a right for us to know some of the natural options for pneumonia treatment. After some valuable research, I have come up with this amazing combination of ideas for some home remediesthat you can apply.
First and foremost, you have to recognize the importance of taking Vitamin C. If you are suffering from pneumonia, it is assumed that you are suffering from an infection. Taking Vitamin C will expectedly help in boosting your immune system and help in regulating your body’s defenses in fighting the infection away. Foods, fruits and vegetables that are rich in Vitamin C must be strictly included in one’s diet as part of the...
Home Remedies for Pneumonia
The most effective Home Remedies for Pneumonia are:
- Carrot juice, when combined with beet and cucumber juices or spinach juice, is also beneficial in curing pneumonia. In 300 ml carrot juice, mix in either 200 ml of spinach juice or 100 ml each of beet and cucumber juice.
- Extract juice of 5 to 6 Holy Basil leaves. To this, add some black pepper. Consume this after every 6 hours.
- A paste of garlic can also be applied externally on the chest with beneficial results as it is an irritant and rubefacient.
- Sesame seeds are valuable in pneumonia. An infusion of the seeds can be made by steeping 15 gm of seeds in 250 ml of water. This infusion, mixed with a tablespoon of linseed, a pinch of common salt,...
An influential panel of health experts has recommended that adult smokers be vaccinated against a major bacterium that causes pneumonia. This marks the first time the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has recommended an immunization specifically for smokers.
The ACIP is a panel of 15 experts that advises government agencies including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on vaccine recommendations. The CDC usually adopts the panel’s recommendations, so it is likely that doctors will soon be recommending pneumococcal vaccines for the 31 million American adults – more than one fifth of the adult population – who smoke.
Flu Vaccination as Pneumonia Prevention
Also, there is a vaccination against influenza. The influenza virus damages the mucosa of the respiratory tract and reduces their defense mechanism. Thus the body becomes more susceptible to pneumonia. The flu vaccine is recommended by the Permanent Vaccination Commission for :
- All persons over 60 years, as the performance of the immune system decreases with age.
- Children and adults with underlying diseases such as, cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension or angina pectoris, lung diseases like asthma, metabolic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, liver and kidney diseases, organ transplantation, HIV infection or leukemia. These diseases limit the capacity of a strong immune system.
- People who can come into contact with many people and thus an increased risk of infection are...
Good Hygiene and Preventing Transmission
Colds and flu are spread primarily from infected people who cough or sneeze. A very common method for transmitting a cold is by shaking hands. Research has found that washing hands frequently can prevent the spread of viral respiratory illnesses. Always wash your hands before eating and after going outside. Using ordinary soap is sufficient. Alcohol-based gels are also effective for everyday use, and may even kill cold viruses. If extreme hygiene is required, use alcohol-based rinses.
Antibacterial soaps add little protection, particularly against viruses. In fact, one study suggested that common liquid dishwashing soaps are up to 100 times more effective than antibacterial soaps in killing respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Wiping surfaces with...