Difference Between Paracetamol and Antibiotics

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Overview
  • The difference between Paracetamol and Antibiotic is that Paracetamol treat many conditions such as headache, muscle aches, arthritis, backache, toothaches, colds, and fevers. While Antibiotics are also known as antibacterials used to treat infections caused by bacteria. In other words, Paracetamol and Antibiotics has a big differentiation Paracetamol is a pain reliever and a fever reducer then Antibiotic cure disease by killing or injuring bacteria.
Paracetamol Facts, Uses, Dosages And Side Effects
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    Paracetamol also known as acetaminophen and use as an analgesic for home medication. It is very effective treatment for pain reliever.


     

  • PharmWeb - Paracetamol Information Centre
    Paracetamol (acetaminophen) has been in use as an analgesic for home medication for over 30 years and is accepted as a very effective treatment for th...
  • A Chance Discovery

    The painkilling properties of paracetamol were discovered by accident when a similar molecule (acetanilide) was added to a patient's prescription about 100 years ago. But since acetanilide is toxic in moderate doses, chemists modified its structure to try and find a compound that was less harmful but which still retained the analgesic properties. One of these compounds is N-acetyl-para-aminophenol, which is also known as acetaminophen in the US and paracetamol (from para-acetyl-amino-phenol) in the UK. When mixed with codeine it goes by the tradename Tylenol.

  • Paracetamol

    Paracetamol, known as acetaminophen in the United States, is a painkiller that is popular throughout the world because it is remarkably safe and it does not irritate the stomach. Paracetamol was first discovered to have both analgesic and antipyretic properties in the late nineteenth century. Prior to this, cinchona bark, which was also used to make the anti-malaria drug quinine, had been used to treat fevers. As cinchona became scarcer, people began to look for cheaper synthetic alternatives. Two of these alternative compounds were acetanilide and phenacetin, developed in 1886 and 1887 respectively. By this time, Harmon Northrop Morse had already synthesized acetaminophen in 1878 through the reduction of p-nitrophenol with tin in glacial acetic acid.

  • Paracetamol pills

    M630/0412 Rights Managed

    Credit:DANIEL SAMBRAUS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

    Caption: Paracetamol pills, with spectacles in the background. Paracetamol, also known as acetaminophen, is a painkilling (analgesic) drug that is sold under a wide variety of brand names. It is also an antipyretic drug, used to treat fevers.

  • Panadol

    Panadol is GlaxoSmithKline brand name of Paracetamol .

  • Description

    Paracetamol is a medicine that is used for mild to moderate pain and fever in adults and children. Paracetamol is often used in people who cannot take anti-inflammatories, as it is gentle on the stomach.
  • Paracetamol is used to relieve mild to moderate pain.

    Pain reliever: Paracetamol works as a weak prostaglandin inhibitor. It achieves this by blocking the production of prostaglandins, which are chemicals involved in the transmission of the pain message to the brain. In this regard, paracetamol is different from Aspirin and NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) in that it blocks the pain message at the brain and not at the source of the pain, as the others do.

    Reduces fever: Paracetamol lowers fever by affecting hypothalamus. This part of the brain regulates the temperature of the body. Now, you know why paracetamol features in cough and cold medicines. Specifically, paracetamol has been given to children after they have been given vaccinations in order to prevent them developing post-immunisation pyrexia, or fever.

  • How to use Paracetamol Oral

    Take this product by mouth as directed. Follow all directions on the product package. If you are uncertain about any of the information, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

    There are many brands and forms of acetaminophen available. Read the dosing instructions carefully for each product because the amount of acetaminophen may be different between products. Do not take more acetaminophen than recommended. (See also Side Effects and Precautions sections.)

    For suspensions, shake the medication well before each dose. Measure the liquid medication with the provided dose-measuring spoon/dropper/syringe to make sure you have the correct dose. Do not use a household spoon.

    For rapidly-dissolving tablets, chew or allow to dissolve on the tongue, then swallow with or without water. For chewable tablets, chew thoroughly before swallowing.

  • 500mg of paracetamol is 500mg of paracetamol. If the active ingredients listed on a packet of brand painkillers are the same as on a packet of own brand

  • Dosage and administration

    In adults - 500 mg (1 tablet), 3-4 times daily. In children: aged from 3 months to1 year - 60-120 mg (2.5-5 ml syrup), 3-4 times daily; 1-6 years - 120-240 mg (5-10 ml syrup), 3-4 times daily; children older than 6 years - 250-500 mg, 3-4 times daily. In children younger than 3 months the preparation should be used only on doctor’s prescription. Duration of the treatment in children should not exceed 5 days, whereas in adults it may be continued up to 10 days.

  • Paracetamol Dosing Information

    Usual Adult Paracetamol Dose for Fever:

    General Dosing Guidelines: 325 to 650 mg every 4 to 6 hours or 1000 mg every 6 to 8 hours orally or rectally. Paracetamol 500mg tablets: Two 500 mg tablets orally every 4 to 6 hours

    Usual Adult Paracetamol Dose for Pain:

    General Dosing Guidelines: 325 to 650 mg every 4 to 6 hours or 1000 mg every 6 to 8 hours orally or rectally. Paracetamol 500mg tablets: Two 500 mg tablets orally every 4 to 6 hours

    Usual Pediatric Dose for Fever:

    Oral or Rectal: 1 month to 12 years: 10 to...

  • Serious Side Effects

    In addition to the above side effects of, paracetamol may cause liver damage. Eyes or yellow skin be a sign that the liver has been damaged by taking paracetamol.

    Liver damage caused by large doses and prolonged use of paracetamol. Bloody urine and feces is also a side effects of of paracetamol indicate the occurrence of gastric irritation. If any of these side effects of occur, immediately contact your doctor to get proper treatment.

  • If you give your baby Calpol or other forms of paracetamol, you are increasing his/her risk of developing allergies and asthma, a recent research from the Otago University in Wellington (New Zealand) suggests. However, the benefits of the drug far outweigh the risks it poses so this should not stop you from using the medicine if it is what your baby needs to get well.

  • Side effects from paracetamol are rare but can include: • Rash • Blood disorders, • Hypotension (low blood pressure) – when given by injection into the vein (in hospital) • Liver and kidney damage – when taken at higher than recommended doses.

    Paracetamol, taken at recommended doses, is not known to cause any adverse effects that might interfere with your ability to drive safely.

  • People who already face liver problems, kidney problems should not take Paracetamol tablets. Paracetamol should not be taken when alcohol is consumed as this increases the risk of liver toxicity. Pregnant women and nursing mothers should consult doctor before taking Paracetamol. Consultation with doctor is also required if someone needs to combine Paracetamol with any nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug like aspirin, ibuprofen etc, blood thinner drugs, and oral contraceptives.
Antibiotic Facts, Uses, Dosages And Side Effects
  • Antibiotics: MedlinePlus
    Antibiotics are powerful medicines that fight bacterial infections . Used properly, antibiotics can save lives. They either kill bacteria or keep them...
  • Antibiotics are the only drugs that cure the bacterial infections

  • What are Antibiotics?

    Antibiotics are medications that are derived from the microorganisms; specifically they are the microorganisms with the antibacterial property. They are the best medicines to cure the bacterial infections. All thanks to Mr. Alexander Fleming who invented this superb antibacterial drug. Today, antibiotics are the only drugs that cure the bacterial infections with such an efficacy and without any harmful side effects on the health of the individual taking it.

    Mr. Selman Waksman in 1942 gave the antibiotics to the microbial culture that has shown antibacterial property. For that day till today lot of advances have taken place in the world of medicines. Previously antibiotics were utilized in its natural...

  • How do antibiotics work?

    Although there are a number of different types of antibiotic they all work in one of two ways:
    A bactericidal antibiotic kills the bacteria. Penicillin is a bactericidal. A bactericidal usually either interferes with the formation of the bacterium's cell wall or its cell contents.
    A bacteriostatic stops bacteria from multiplying.

    What are antibiotics for?

    An antibiotic is given for the treatment of an infection caused by bacteria. Antibiotics target microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and parasites. However, they are not effective against viruses. If you have an infection it is important to know whether it is caused by...
  • Antibiotic doses should be chanaged according to the patient's bodyweight to take into account rising obesity levels and combat superbugs, experts have said.

    Doctors should take into account a patient's bodyweight when calculating their dose of antibiotics, experts said.
  • When and how to Use Them? Antibiotics treat bacterial infections. They are given to the patients when no other medication is showing any effect against the infecting bacteria. Depending upon type of infection, severity of infection, and overall health status of the individual doctor prescribes the antibiotic. Remember that specific antibiotic is effective against the particular bacterial infection. The dosage of antibiotic is given generally as twice or thrice in a day. Antibiotics are generally taken oral with a full glass of water. It is best to take this medication as prescribed by the doctor.

  • Doses of antibiotics should be adjusted to optimize treatment
  • “Antibiotics” is a general term used for a class of drugs that fight infection and prevent the growth of bacteria in the body. This variety is what makes it hard to say whether drinking alcohol while taking antibiotics is safe, or hampers the effect of the antibiotic.

    The good news is that alcohol does not adversely affect the bacteria-fighting power of most antibiotics. It’s one less thing to worry about, but it is by far not the most important thing, because mixing the two can make you sick.

    Again this is good news, because the greatest risk is still rather low, amounting to irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure and breathlessness. Milder side effects include dizziness, sleepiness and nausea. It is rare that mixing alcohol and antibiotics result in death, unless it is due to a...

  • What are the side effects of Antibiotics?

    The most common side effect of antibiotics is the diarrhea. This side effect is being noted in majority of the patients whose body doesn’t accept the antibiotic dose. This is a preliminary side effect, but if you still face the diarrhea problem then stop taking the antibiotic and consult the doctor for the medical advice. Other side effects noted by the intake of the antibiotics are vomiting, nausea, headache, swelling of the face, itching, rashes on skin, and stomach upset. In some cases the side effects like fungal infections of digestive tract, female reproductive organ, and mouth are noted due to the intake of the antibiotics.

  • Side effects of antibiotics in women

    There are some negative side effects of antibiotics, especially in case of consumption by women. After the antibiotics are ingested, a number of bacteria which crop up naturally are destroyed. This permits other germs to nurture which would not have happened otherwise. Thus a yeast infection takes place because the naturally inhabited bacteria are no longer present. These infections are known as ‘opportunistic infections’.

    Antibioticssource: Livestrong.com

    more >

  • Precautions you should take when on antibiotics:

    You should complete the course of antibiotics as directed and prescribed by your doctor, to kill the bacteria completely.
    You should not take antibiotics unless you really need them.
    You should take your medicines at the same time everyday.
    You should always inform your doctor if you feel discomfort in your body, while on antibiotic treatment. In order that your doctor may change the dosage or treatment.
    You should not use antibiotics prescribed to someone else. Because, antibiotics are...
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